top of page

Elementary First Aid QA session | EFA exit exam questions and answers

Top 100 Question and Answers to evaluate EFA basic knowledge (efa exit exam questions and answers)

Below are the most common EFA question and answers that can help you get good score in the EFA Exit Exams (free access to efa exit exam questions and answers)

1. After an extremity fracture has been immobilised, the responder should check for circulation

Ans: Distal to the injury

2. When performing adult CPR you give

Ans: 2 slow breaths and 30 chest compressions  

3. To safety perform a chair carry you need ?

Ans: 3 rescuers

4. In order to initiate CPR on a drowning victim

Ans: Begin mouth-to-mouth ventilation 

5. Some people are very allergic to insect bites and stings. The condition is called ______.

Ans: Anaphylactic shock 

6. The goal of medical service is to provide

Ans: Provide treatment for those in need of urgent medical care                

7. Heat stroke attack bodies vital organs except

Ans: Bones  

8. What does the ABC’s for first aid stand for ?

Ans: Airway , breathing, circulation  

9. Before giving CPR you should make sure ?

Ans: They are conscious or unconscious     


10. A high-fiber, low-fat diet and regular exercise can help to ____.

Ans:  Lose weight        

11. Sharp, stabbing twinges of pain in the chest is a sure sign of heart attack

Ans: TRUE 

12. The accepted treatment for a sprained ankle is

Ans: Keep the shoe on apply an ankle bandage for support, elevate and apply cold towels   

13. Which of the following correctly describes the CPR technique for an adult

Ans: Two breaths and 30 compressions per minutes               

14. To treat first degree burn you should ……

Ans: Apply cool running water until there is little or no remaining pain            

15. The accepted treatment for a nose bleed

Ans:  Have the victim lean forward apply gentle pressure on the nostril apply cold towels      

16. Shock is a condition where

Ans: The circulatory system fails to deliver blood to all parts of the body 

17. Internal bleeding can be caused by

Ans: Injury Illness Medication 

18. Why is CPR important ?

Ans: It provides a small supply of blood and oxygen to the brain and vital organs  

19. What is the name of the type of stretcher often found on board ?

Ans: The Neil Robertson stretcher

20. What symptoms would indicate internal bleeding ?

Rapid weak pulse, Low Blood Pressure, shallow breathing and Skin that feels cold or moist, or look pale or bluish Tender, swollen, bruised or hard areas of his body, such as abdomen, feels thirst

21. Which arteries pressure point is located on front of upper leg jus below the middle of crease of groin ?

Ans: Femoral artery    

22. Where does the partly digested food ( in liquid form) goes after it leaves stomach ?

Ans: Small intestine     

23. What does ‘A’ stand for in the acronym DRABC  ?

Ans: Airway 

24. What is the best way to control bleeding ?

Ans: Direct pressure

25. A burn should be immersed or placed under water for at least ______ minutes

Ans: 10 min    

26. The symptom of shock includes

Ans: Low blood pressure Rapid, shallow breathing Rapid, weak pulse All of the above  

27. Fluid should not be given by ______ when internal injury is suspected

Ans: Mouth

28. What is an open fracture ?

Ans: A fracture in which the bone is exposed as the skin is broken 

29. What should you do if you think the victim has serious internal bleeding ?

Ans: Call for medical assistance as quickly as possible 

31. How should you pen the airway of an unconscious casualty ?

Ans: Head tilt and chin lift                  

32. What steps would you take to control bleeding from a nose bleed ?

Ans : Sit casualty down, lean forward and pinch soft part of nose    

33. What is fainting ?

Ans: A brief loss of consciousness        

34. What is the definition of the “hurry cases” ?

Ans: Any condition that threatens victims life             

35. An unconscious casualty is lying on their back and has a broken leg, What position is best for the casualty ?

Ans: Recovery position            

36. What is first aid ?

Ans: The first help given to the victim of an accident            

37. What should a casualty with a severe allergy carry at all times

Ans: Adrenaline       

38. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths when performing  cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ?

Ans: 30 compressions : 2 breaths      


39. Which of the following includes the top layers of skin and involve blistering ?

Ans: Second degree burn   

40. When dealing with an unconscious casualty we should check upto ____for normal breathing.

Ans:  10 seconds    

41. What is the best method of avoiding accident in workplace ?

Ans:  By observing safety precautions    

42. What will be the effect if a person shows the symptoms of drowsiness ?

Ans: Unconscious  

43. A wound where there is damage to the soft tissue and blood vessel under the skin is calle ____

Ans: A bruise        

44. When performing CPR on an adult how deep should the chest compression be ?

Ans: 2 inches         

45. What symptoms are associated with heat exhaustion_____

Ans: Cool, moist, pale, or flushed skin         

46. When giving care or external bleeding, what should you do first ?

Ans: Apply direct pressure   

47. A victim is coughing up blood with bleeding from the mouth and is tender in the abdomen. Pulse is weak and rapid. The victim is having signs

Ans: Internal bleeding         

48. What is the first thing you should do for someone you  suspect  has  an electrical burn ?

Ans: Check to see if electricity is turned off        

49. What should you do if someone is unconscious, but you are not a trained first aider?

Ans: Move the crew on to their back        

50. How should you open the airway of an unconscious casualty?

Ans: Head tilt and chin lift                  

51. How can you reduce the risk of disease transmission when caring for open bleeding wounds ?

Ans: Wash your hands immediately after giving care Avoid direct contact with the blood Use protective barriers such as gloves or plastic wrap 

52. The type of shock that is caused by a severe infection is called

Ans: Septic   

53. You should suspect that a victim has head and spine injuries for…..

Ans: An accident involving a lightning strike A person found unconscious for unknown reasons A fall from the height greater than the victim’s height 

54. The accepted treatment for a femur or thigh fracture is

Ans: This type of fracture is best handled by a traction splint applied by those with special training    

55. What causes Anaphylactic shock?


Ans. Insect sting or spider bites


56. What are the symptoms of third degree burn?


Ans: Charred skin, no pain


57. What is the first thing you should do for severe bleeding?

Ans:  Direct pressure with clean cloth or hand


58. Which of the first aid duties below has the highest priority for you as a Cabin attendant?

Ans:  Be aware of danger


59. What is your FIRST action when examining the condition of a patient?

Ans: Speak to the victim and shake his shoulders


60. What is the main purpose of the “Heimlich” procedure

Ans:  To remove a blockage in the victims airway


61. What can you do to avoid that a person experiences a short period of uncousciousness “Fainting”


 Ans: Apply fresh air, let the victim lay-down and reassure the victim


62. How can you recognize a vein bleeding?

Ans:  Blood flows equally out of the wound, dark red in color 


63. Where do you position the knot in the end of the bandages of a emercengy bandage?

Ans: Clearly away from the wound


64. What do you do for small cut.

Ans:  Wash with soap and water, cover with a sterile bandage


65. What is included in the CPR procedure?

Ans:  Rescue breathing and chest compressions


66. What can cause the blood circulation stop?

Ans:  heart attack


67. What are the symptoms of Hypothermia?

Ans: Cold, tired, shivering and acting abnormally


68. What is the best treatment of second degree burn?

Ans:  running water


69. How do you check for breathing?

Ans:  Look, Listen an Feel


70. What is your FIRST action when examining the condition of a patient?

Ans:  Speak to the victim and shake his shoulders


71. What is the correct procedure when treating with the AED?

Ans:  Call for assistance, turn on the AED and follow the instructions provided by the AED.


72. What are the requirements for a cover bandage?

Ans:  It must be sterile 


73. What do you have to do when a passenger has no breathing?

Ans:  Start CPR immediately


74. What is the purpose of the “Heimlich” procedure?

Ans:  To remove a blockage in the victims airway


75. How can you recognize a arterial bleeding


Ans:  Blood flow with pulses out of the wound and bright red in color


76. Answer: List what FAST stand for:

Ans:  Face, Arms, Speech an Time


77. What does ABC stand for? (more answers)

Ans: Airway . Breathing, Circulation


78. When performing chest compressions on an adult we press the chest:

Ans:  4 – 5 cm


79. Having a ………………pulse is a sign of medical shock.

Ans:  Rapid


80. What is a scald?

Ans: A burn by liquid or gas


81. What do you do when someone breaks an arm?

Ans:  Put the arm in a sling


82. What is dry heat?

Ans: This is the most common type of burn and includes burns caused by hot objects such as exhausts or by cigarettes or lighters or metals

83. What is Wet heat

Ans: Also known as a scald, wet heat usually refers to hot water or steam but it can also include other hot liquids such as oil or fat.



Ans: Blistering, Swelling around the injury , Directly from the injury and Infection


85. How many number of bones in the adults?

Ans: 206 bones


Ans: Early rinsing of the eye with cold water will help flush away the chemical and reduce scarring , Do not rub eyes


Ans: Known exposure to the chemical, Intense pain , Redness and swelling , Reluctance or inability to open the eye , Tears from the eye

88. Severe form of heat stroke ?

Ans: Heat Exhausion 

89. Symptoms of heat stroke?

Ans: Headache, dizziness and discomfort , Restlessness and confusion,  Hot flushed and dry skin , A fast deterioration in the level of response , A full bounding pulse , Body temperature above 40°C (104°F)

90. Treatment for strains and sprains? 

Ans : RICE ( Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation )

91. What is RICE full form?

Ans: Rest , Ice, Compression / Comfort support , Elevation

92. Type of bandage used in minor and superficial wounds ?

Ans: Adhesive bandage (plaster)

93. Due to the essential nature of washing your hands, how much time is recommended to wash your hands?

Ans: atleast 20 secs

94. How long should you check for breathing while performing CPR?

Ans: No longer than 10 secs

95. What is the ‘normal’ number of breaths per minute for an adult? ( Respiratory Rate )

Ans : 12 to 16 per min

96. What is the normal rate of pulse ?

Ans : 72 per min

97. What is the normal level of blood pressure ?

Ans : 120 systolic / 80 diastolic 

98. Where to check for pulse ? 

Ans : Radial artery , Carotid artery 

99. Normal body temperature? 

Ans : 37 degree celcius or for accurate answer :  97.6 F (36.4 C) to 99.6 F (37.6 C)

100. Purpose of first aid ?

Ans: Preserve Life, Promote Recovery , Prevent further Damage/injury (3 P's)

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

efa exit exam questions and answers

bottom of page